Getting out of debt is difficult, especially when you have multiple creditors. If you’re juggling different accounts, payment amounts, and deadlines, you might be considering debt consolidation.
Debt consolidation is the consolidation of many debts into one payment, and there are several ways to implement this strategy. Plus, it can save you money in interest, help you pay off debt faster, simplify your finances, and give you peace of mind.
1. Balance Transfer Credit Card
The best balance transfer cards often come with zero interest or a very low interest rate for an introductory period of up to 18 months. If you get a balance transfer card, you’ll move balances from high-interest credit cards to the new one. The idea is to pay off the entire balance before the end of the promotional APR period or you risk accumulating even more interest than you started.
You’ll need a balance transfer card with a high enough credit limit to accommodate the balances you’re rolling over and a low enough annual percentage rate (APR) to make it worthwhile. Use a credit card balance transfer calculator to see how long it will take to pay off your balances.
Using a balance transfer credit card is best for those who are disciplined and will avoid going into debt on their existing credit cards once the balances are transferred to the new card. If you choose to use a balance transfer credit card, have a plan to pay off the debt before the credit card’s introductory rate expires.
2. Home Equity Loan or Home Equity Line of Credit (HELOC)
Home equity is the difference between the appraised value of your home and the amount you owe on your mortgage. If you own a home with sufficient equity and a good credit history, you can borrow some of that equity at an affordable rate to consolidate your debt. Many home equity borrowers use the money to pay off higher interest debt, such as credit cards.
Your home equity borrowing options include home equity loans, which give you a lump sum at a fixed rate, and HELOCs, which give you a line of credit to draw on at a fixed rate. variable. Both act like second mortgages, meaning you’ll add an extra monthly payment to your plate. Still, they can be good options for debt consolidation if you have enough equity to qualify.
HELOCs are often best for those who have significant equity in their home and prefer a long repayment term. Before opening a HELOC, shop around for the most competitive interest rate. It is also important to be disciplined about using a HELOC and paying off debt.
3. Debt consolidation loan
A debt consolidation loan can be a smart way to consolidate your debts if you qualify for a low interest rate, sufficient funds to cover your debts, and a comfortable repayment term. These loans are unsecured, so your rate and borrowing limit depend on your credit profile.
You will use all or part of the loan proceeds to pay off the balance of the debts you wish to consolidate. And instead of paying each creditor monthly, you’ll now make one monthly payment on the personal loan to streamline the debt repayment process.
Debt consolidation loans are generally a good option for those with a credit profile that provides favorable interest rates and a borrowing limit that fits all of your debts. You’ll generally need a credit score of at least the mid-600s and an on-time payment history for the best rates, although there are bad credit personal loans available.
4. Peer-to-peer lending
Peer-to-peer lending platforms match individual borrowers and investors for unsecured loans typically ranging from $25,000 to $50,000. Like personal loans, P2P loans are unsecured, so the borrower’s credit history is the key factor for rates, terms, borrowing limits, and fees. The higher your credit score, the lower the interest rate and the more you can borrow.
Eligibility conditions for loans between individuals are not always as strict as for other types of loans. Some P2P lenders allow applicants to qualify with a lower credit score. Before using this type of loan, compare fees and interest rates with other options.
P2P loans are ideal for borrowers looking for loans with less stringent eligibility criteria and fast funding times. They might also be suitable if you have a lower credit score or limited credit history.
5. Debt management plan
If you want debt consolidation options that don’t require taking out a loan or applying for a balance transfer credit card, a debt management plan might be right for you, especially as an alternative to bankruptcy.
With a debt management plan, you work with a nonprofit credit counseling agency or debt relief company to negotiate with creditors and write a repayment plan. You close all credit card accounts and make a monthly payment to the agency, which pays creditors. You still receive all account statements from your creditors, so it’s easy to know how quickly your debt is being paid off.
Debt management plans are generally a good choice for those who are heavily in debt and need help structuring repayment. But you will need to find out if your debt qualifies for this type of plan.
How to avoid getting into debt
Consumers who have borrowed and spent so much that they need to borrow more to consolidate their debt need to carefully review their spending habits. “You need to identify where the debt is coming from,” says Celeste Collins, executive director of OnTrack WNC Financial Education & Counseling in North Carolina. “How did this balance come to this? You need a comprehensive cash flow plan and take paying that amount seriously.
Once you are out of the debt hole, you can avoid this predicament again. Here are some rules to follow:
- Set a budget and stick to it. Live within your means.
- Avoid impulse purchases.
- Look for the lowest price before making a big purchase.
- If you use a credit card, pay the balance monthly to avoid interest charges.
- Keep your finances organized and monitor your bank balances closely.
- Stay away from “buy now, pay later” and “interest-free financing” offers, which only defer your debt.
- To save money. Try to set aside a certain percentage of your income to save it.
The bottom line
Debt consolidation options abound. When thinking about which strategies might work for you, analyze the interest rates, loan terms and fees of each lender. If possible, avoid subprime lenders that cater to consumers with bad credit – these lenders offer the highest interest rates and unforgiving loan terms. Even if your credit score is lower, it’s worth shopping around with traditional lenders first.
It is equally important to confirm that the lenders you are considering are legitimate. Visit their websites, research lenders to find reviews from past and current clients, check their registration status with the state you live in, and contact your state attorney general’s office for further verification.