1,600-year-old manuscript reveals secret teachings of Jesus to his brother James [PHOTOS]

Nag Hammadi Scrolls
See the author’s page [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

The mysteries, myths and legends surrounding the Bible have always been a subject of debate. Who wrote the Bible? How old is he? What is its authenticity? and the list can go on. The text still conceals secrets hidden somewhere in the dark.

Fragments of a 1,600-year-old Greek document have been discovered by Bible scholars, which include Jesus’ secret teachings to his brother James. This heretical document apparently contains knowledge of heaven and future events and also speaks of the inevitable death of James.

The story “First Apocalypse of James” is the source of the heretical document and refers to James as the brother of Jesus. Adding information and writings that could change the content of the New Testament is considered against the law, therefore, the story was considered “prohibited.”

The document is kept at the Nag Hammadi Library and is a series of 52 religious manuscripts that were written between the 2sd and 6e century AD. The Nag Hammadi manuscripts are mostly written in a traditional Egyptian language, Coptic. These manuscripts were found well preserved in a large jar in the city of Nag Hammadi in Egypt. Biblical scholars from the University of Texas at Austin discovered the manuscript in the Nag Hammadi Library at the University of Oxford.

“This new finding is significant in part because it demonstrates that Christians were still reading and studying extra-canonical writings long after Christian leaders deemed them heretical,” Geoffrey Smith, assistant professor of religious studies at the University from Texas to Austin and one of the two scholars who made the discovery, said News week.

Geoffrey Smith and Brent Landau announced the discovery of the manuscript at the Society of Biblical Literature’s annual meeting in Boston in November.

Nag Hammadi Scrolls
Nag Hammadi Scrolls
By the Gnostics [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

What does the manuscript contain?

The manuscript contains part of the Gnostic history “First Apocalypse of James” and describes the secret teachings of Jesus to James whom he calls his “brother”. It is further stated that James is not his real brother, but Jesus describes his friend as “not my brother materially”.

The text is considered heretical because it does not fall under the Christian Canon established by Athanasius, bishop of Alexandria in the 3rd century AD. Athanasius, speaking of the 27 books of the New Testament, in his ‘367 Easter Letter’ said, “No one can add to it, and nothing can be taken from them.”

Nag Hammadi manuscript
Nag Hammadi manuscript
By the Gnostics [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

According to the researchers, the original manuscript was used as a tool to help children read and write Greek. The text was written in clean handwriting and the words were separated into syllables. The format of the text suggests that the text could have been written by an academician.

The ambiguity surrounding the stories of the Garden of Eden, the uncertainty surrounding Adam and Eve being the first human beings on earth, Lucifer and his war with God and the Angels, Jesus, his crucifixion, his resurrection, all that comes from the Bible world still seems to be underground. Can the mysteries surrounding this controversial text ever be solved? We can only wait for the pages to be turned one by one.

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About Cody E. Vaughn

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